Reproductive Endocrinology Disorders
Reproductive endocrinology deals with the surgical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynaecology which trains physicians in reproductive medicine for addressing hormonal functioning which pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility. The reproductive endocrinology specialists primarily focus on the treatment of infertility, where they are trained to evaluate and treat hormonal dysfunctions in females and males outside infertility. Reproductive endocrinologists have specialty training in obstetrics and gynaecology before they undergo sub-specialty training (fellowship) in reproductive endocrinology. Reproductive surgery is a related specialty, where a physician in obstetrics and gynaecology or urology further specializes to operate on anatomical disorders that affect fertility. Reproductive hormone disorders can affect fertility and may cause long-term effects on metabolic, cardiovascular and bone health. The reproductive hormones are estrogen and progesterone in Womens healthcare and testosterone in men. The primary reproductive glands (ovaries in women and testes in men) are the origin of reproductive hormones and they are regulated by hormone signals from the pituitary gland, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Uterine fibroids
- Turner syndrome
- Rett syndrome