The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Gynaecology is the branch of medical science which deals with the health of the female reproductive system. Apart from medicine gynaecology can also be termed as "the science of women". Its correlative is andrology, which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system. Women's reproductive and sexual health is distinct different when compared to men's health. While the developed countries include pregnancy and childbirth associate with substantial risk to women with maternal mortality accounting for more than a quarter of a million deaths per year, which brings a large gap between developing and developed countries.
- Problems faced in women's sexual health
- Menstruation and Ovulation
- Basics of Breast Diseases related to Gynaecology
- Obstetrical Analgesia and Anaesthesia
- Infections in women's reproductive health
- Recent Advances in Medical and Surgical Management
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is the medical procedure to cure infertility and it may also be referred to as fertility treatment. Assisted Reproductive Technology mainly belongs to the field of reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Some forms of technology are also used fertile couples for genetic reasons (preimplantation genetic diagnosis). Assisted Reproductive Technology may also be used in surrogacy arrangements, although not all surrogacy arrangements involve Assisted Reproductive Technology. gynaecology oncology Technology includes procedures such as in vitro fertilization. It may include intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), cryopreservation of gametes or embryos and it may involve the use of fertility medication.
- Fertility Medications
- In vitro fertilization
- ICSI Technique
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- Mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT)
- Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
Aesthetic gynaecology is the technique of surgery to be used with great consideration of the patient’s preferred goals with realistic expectations in the field of plastic and cosmetic gynaecology, when it is performed by surgeons trained and experienced in this field, these operations are demonstrated to improve the reliability of the procedures and the functional and aesthetic appearance of womens health. Nonsurgical techniques like transcutaneous temperature-controlled and laser devices are also options for aesthetic genital interventions, especially for vulvovaginal laxity. Patients with severe organ prolapse are not candidates for nonsurgical aesthetic techniques. Unlike surgical techniques, non-surgical approaches need maintenance treatments, and treatment protocol differ according to the device. As is clearly seen, more academic training in this branch of gynecology must be given. Moreover, further studies are needed on the long-term efficacy, safety and reliability of non-surgical techniques, especially those that do not require hospitalization and can be performed in an office environment.
- Cosmetic Gynaecology
- Surgical and Non-surgical Treatments of Cosmetic Gynaecology
- Labia majora reduction
- Labia majora augmentation
- Mons liposculpturing
Urogynaecology is a sub-specialty of gynaecology and is also known as Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery in some countries. Clinical problems associated with pelvic floor and urinary dysfunction are treated by an urogynaecologist. Bladder, reproductive organs and intestines are affected by pelvic floor diseases. Urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and fecal incontinence are typical pelvic floor disorders. Urogynaecologists are also primarily responsible for caring for women who have experienced damage during childcare to the perineum.
- Reconstructive Surgery
- Urinary Tract Infection
- Pelvic Organ Prolapse
- Fecal incontinence
- Female Genital Prolapse
The prevalence of Childcare birth defects was compared among the following groups births as a result of each method of infertility treatment, including spontaneous conception during periods of observation and treatment cycles births as a result of spontaneous conception in women with a previous birth with assisted conception, births to women with a history of infertility on their perinatal outcomes record and no history of treatment with assisted reproductive technology and births to women in the general population with no recorded history of infertility or treatment. The risks of birth defects associated with other forms of minimal treatment (e.g., timed intercourse, semen tests, or low-dose hormonal stimulation) were not significantly different from the risk with spontaneous conception. Although most births resulting from assisted conception were free of birth defects, treatment with assisted reproductive technology was associated with an increased risk of birth defects, including cerebral palsy, as compared with spontaneous conception.
- Infertility Evaluation
- Risk of Idiopathic Male Infertility
- Artificial Gametes and Ovarian Stimulation
Obesity can be defined as Maternal obesity (often including being overweight) of a woman during pregnancy and Parental obesity refers to obesity of either parent or during pregnancy. Although maternal obesity has a significant impact on maternal metabolism and offspring development. It disrupts and cause adverse outcomes like insulin resistance, glucose homeostasis, fat oxidation and amino acid synthesis. Where the modification of lifestyle is an effective intervention strategy for improvement of maternal metabolism and the prevention of adverse outcomes. During pregnancy, insufficient or excessive weight gain can compromise the health of the mother and fetus. The most effective intervention for weight gain in underweight women is not clear. When being or becoming overweight in pregnancy increases the risk of complications for mother and fetus, including cesarean section, gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, macrosomia and shoulder dystocia. The diet modification is the most effective way to reduce weight gain and associated risks in pregnancy. A diet that has foods with a low glycemic index may help prevent the onset of gestational diabetes.
- Defects/ impairments of parental obesity
- Mental or physical effects on the fetus
- Paternal obesity effects on the fetus
- Obesity effects on the mother
- Nutrition and exercise recommendations
Reproductive cancers are the cancers which occur in the reproductive organs of both men and women. The parts in which reproductive cancers can be found, in women breast, cervix, uterus, vulva, endometrium or ovaries and in men, reproductive cancers can be found in the prostate, testicles and penis. Among all the cancers the most common cancers are, breast and cervical cancers in women and prostate and testicular cancer in men. As a gynaecologist specialist who deals with these cancer cells, they should have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers. In worldwide breast cancer was the most common cancer in women, which contribute 25.4% of the total number of new cases diagnosed in 2018. The fourth most common cancer in women is cervical cancer, which contribute 6.9% of the total number of new cases diagnosed in 2018.
- Metastatic Breast Cancer
- Ovarian Cancer
- Cervical Cancer
- Uterine cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Vulvar cancer
The health Diversity in women related to Reproductive health which matters at all stages of their lives, from sexual health education in school to menopause services. Access to reproductive healthcare is fundamental to women’s family and life decisions and essential for women’s equality. We need to ensure the health and wellbeing of a women or girl is prioritised over the forced continuation of a pregnancy. We need to recognise that abortion is a necessary element of obstetric care and we need to acknowledge that women and girls need to end pregnancies for many reasons and that those reasons need to be respected and remain private. Every pregnancy is different, and every decision is personal. Women are different and they have different needs based on their different circumstances, backgrounds, beliefs, socioeconomic circumstances and ethnicity.
- Primary and Public Healthcare
- Medicinal Healthcare
- Healthcare Management
- Malnutrition and Morbidity
- Reproductive Health
Pregnancy can also be called as gestation, in which one or more offspring develops inside a woman. A multiple pregnancy involves more than one offspring, such as twins, triplets etc. Pregnancy can occur by two ways sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology. Childbirth typically occurs around 40 weeks from the start of the last menstrual period (LMP). Symptoms like irregular periods, tender breasts, nausea and vomiting, hunger and frequent urination are the symptoms of early pregnancy. The pregnancy care is important because so many changes occur in a woman’s body when she is pregnant, doctors, nurses and other health care workers must approach this patient with caution. While you are caring for a pregnant patient, you must be aware of all the changes going on in her body and must be aware that typically safe procedures and medications which may affect her differently that they would affect non-pregnant individuals.
- Development of embryo and fetus
- Maternal changes
- Physical signs
- Prenatal Care
- Postnatal Care
- Trimesters Monitoring
- Fetal Assessment
- Induction and labor
The pediatric and adolescent Gynaecology deals with the medicinal work on managing strength of the vagina, vulva, uterus, and ovaries of newborn children, kids, and young people is known to be the Pediatric Gynaecology. Juvenile Gynaecology is the branch of gynaecology which deals with the locale that can offer specific level of tend to females from birth to age 16. The Adolescent Gynaecology program gives assessment, treatment and support for young ladies as they change to gynaecologic care assessment of the outer genitalia and bosom advancement are regularly part of routine physical examinations. Doctors likewise can prompt pediatric gynaecology patients on life structures and sexuality. Appraisal can incorporate an examination of the vulva, and seldom include the presentation of instruments into the vagina. The large number of young patients want to have their parent especially their mother, in the examination room.
- Breast abnormalities
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Premature thelarche
- Ovarian cysts
- Congenital anomalies of the reproductive tract
Reproductive endocrinology deals with the surgical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynaecology which trains physicians in reproductive medicine for addressing hormonal functioning which pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility. The reproductive endocrinology specialists primarily focus on the treatment of infertility, where they are trained to evaluate and treat hormonal dysfunctions in females and males outside infertility. Reproductive endocrinologists have specialty training in obstetrics and gynaecology before they undergo sub-specialty training (fellowship) in reproductive endocrinology. Reproductive surgery is a related specialty, where a physician in obstetrics and gynaecology or urology further specializes to operate on anatomical disorders that affect fertility. Reproductive hormone disorders can affect fertility and may cause long-term effects on metabolic, cardiovascular and bone health. The reproductive hormones are estrogen and progesterone in Womens healthcare and testosterone in men. The primary reproductive glands (ovaries in women and testes in men) are the origin of reproductive hormones and they are regulated by hormone signals from the pituitary gland, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Uterine fibroids
- Turner syndrome
- Rett syndrome
Childbirth, otherwise called delivery and labor, is the consummation of a pregnancy by at least one child leaving a lady's uterus by vaginal entry or C-area. Work or labor occurs in three phases. The main stage starts with withdrawals. It proceeds until the point when your cervix has turned out to be slenderer and more enlarged (extended) to around 4 inches wide. The second stage is also called as dynamic stage, in which you start to push a baby descending towards outside. Delegated is the point at which your infant's scalp comes into see. In a matter of seconds a short time later, your infant is conceived. In the third stage, you convey the placenta and Menopause. The placenta is the organ that provided sustenance and oxygen to your child amid pregnancy.
- Vaginal delivery
- C-section delivery
- Natural childbirth
- Breech birth
- Induced labor
Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) physicians are high-risk pregnancy experts, specialized in treating pregnant women with chronic health problems, MFM physicians work with women for women’s gynaecologist with other clinical specialists in a hospital setting to keep the woman healthy as her body changes and her baby grows. They also care for women who face unexpected problems that develop during pregnancy, such as early labour, bleeding, or high blood pressure. They can help pregnant women to find an obstetrician to start treatment before birth, providing monitoring, blood transfusions and surgery to support babies with the best possible care until they are ready to arrive in the world. obstetrics gynaecology is a branch of medicine that is concerned with prevention, diagnosis and management of infertility and reproductive problems. It includes improving or perpetuating reproductive health and allowing people to have children at a time of their choosing. The study of reproductive medicine includes knowledge on reproductive anatomy, physiology and endocrinology, and incorporates relevant aspects of molecular biology, biochemistry and pathology. It also deals with issues such as menopause, puberty and certain sexual problems.
- Maternal Fetal Medicine Practice & Procedures
- Regenerative Medicine and Their Application
- Personalized Reproductive Medicine
- Biomarkers in Reproductive Medicine
- Reproductive Cloning
- Hysteroscopy Prior to Assisted Reproductive Technique
- Reproductive Gynaecology
Women's sexual health is most important elements in woman's health and well-being, about sex starts early, often before puberty, and lasts until their final days on earth. Contraception is an important part of sexual health for many women. Another is avoiding sexually transmitted diseases. These include gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, human papillomavirus, and HIV/AIDS. Importance of sexual health has grown as sanitation has improved and medicine has advanced. Diseases that were once incurable or fatal can now be prevented or successfully treated and health-related behaviour has become an important component of public health and Reproductive Medicine. The improvement of health-related behaviours is central to public health activities. Lifestyle related diseases associated with physical inactivity and poor diet quality, causes diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome, gestational diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes.
- Infertility, diagnosis and treatment
- Abortion and women's health
- Family planning
Sexually transmitted infections have serious consequences for women and infants, in which mother-to-child transmission leading to outcomes such as stillbirths and neonatal deaths and pelvic inflammatory disease leading to infertility. In addition, infertility from many other causes, birth control, unplanned pregnancy, unconsensual sexual activity and the struggle for access to abortion create other burdens for women. Sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs which include gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, human papillomavirus, and HIV/AIDS. sexually transmitted diseases are serious illnesses that require treatment, regardless of whether or not you are pregnant. But when you are pregnant, you are not the only one at risk, many sexually transmitted diseases can be especially harmful to you and your baby. Some sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/AIDS, cannot be cured and may lead to dead. Earlier and fastest treatment is the best way to protect you and your baby.
- HIV Transmission & Prevention
- HPV (Human PapillomaVirus)
- Genital herpes
- Hepatitis B